Rune Christensen, one of the founders of Maker, has created a list of the different stable coin Crypto 2.0 projects. Stable coins are crypto assets which are pegged, have the same value, to an stable, non highly volatile currency, for example USD, CNY, EUR or even the SDR. As we know crypto currencies like Bitcoin are highly volatile, as their value can change very rapidly, converting these currencies to stable coins reduces this risk, but also opens opportunities for stable business models.

For more information on Stable coins check Vitalik Buterin blog post.

BitUSD: 1 USD

The original stablecoin. Successfully running for 1+ year. Backed by on-chain collateral. Bitshares blockchain.
https://bitshares.org/

NuBits: 1 USD

Successfully run for 1+ year. Backed by fiat reserves held by DAO appointed custodians with no legal guarantee, as well as on chain collateral. NuShares blockchain.
https://nubits.com/

USDT (Tether): 1 USD

Successfully run for 1+ year. Backed by fiat reserves held by centrally appointed, audited custodians with legal guarantee. Requires KYC. BTC blockchain (ETH coming later).
https://tether.to/

TRMB (TaiYi): 1 CNY

Launched a few months ago. Backed by fiat reserves held by centrally appointed custodians with no legal guarantee (not totally sure as the whitepaper is in Chinese). TaiYi blockchain.
http://taiyilabs.com/

Dai: 1 SDR

Still in development. Initially backed by fiat reserves held by DAO appointed custodians with no legal guarantee. Becomes free floating and backed by diversified on-chain collateral after gaining network effect.
https://makerdao.com/

Decentralized Capital: USD, EUR and more.

Still in development. Backed by fiat reserves held by centrally appointed, audited custodians with legal guarantee. Requires KYC. ETH blockchain.
http://decentralizedcapital.com/

DUSD (String): 1 USD

Still in development. Backed by fiat reserves held by centrally appointed, audited custodians with legal guarantee. Might not require KYC. ETH blockchain.
http://string.technology/

Seignorage Shares

Concept - backed by on-chain collateral.
http://www.slideshare.net/rmsams/00-main

Source and discussion: Reddit

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